United States Trademark Filing San Diego
United States Trademark Filing San Diego Summary
Trademark registration is the best form of protection available to secure the trade name and brand identity of a business. Trademark protection provides source identification to ensure consumers do not confuse the origin of products and services with those of competitors. Businesses most frequently utilize trademark registration for:
• Protection of a business name (trade name);
• Protection of protect and service names (brand names); and
• Protection of product and/or packaging design (trade dress).
Federal trademark applications filed with the United States Patent and Trademark office may be based upon either bona fide use in commerce of the trademark or the intent to use the trademark within six (6) months of filing the trademark application. For trademark applications based upon bona fide use, evidence of use of the trademark in commerce is submitted at the time of application. For intent to use applications, evidence of use in commerce must be submitted within six (6) months of receiving a Notice of Allowance of the trademark application. (although extensions may be applied for every six months if evidence of use of the applied for trademark cannot be filed within six (6) months of receiving a notice of allowance).
Use Based Application:
ITU Based Application:
United States Trademark Filing San Diego Details
A trademark includes any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination thereof, used, or intended to be used, in commerce to identify and distinguish the goods of one manufacturer or seller from goods manufactured or sold by others, and to indicate the source of the goods. A service mark is any word, name, symbol, device, or any combination thereof, used, or intended to be used, in commerce, to identify and distinguish the services of one provider from services provided by others, and to indicate the source of the services.
Ownership is established through use of a word, name, symbol, and/or device in commerce. State protection is available for qualifying words, names, symbols, and/or devices used in intrastate commerce. Federal protection is available for qualifying words, names, symbols, and/or devices used in interstate commerce.
For purposes of federal registration, advertising a service in interstate commerce satisfies the use requirement while products must generally be shipped in interstate commerce bearing, or in packaging bearing, the trademark to satisfy the use requirement.
Nature of Words, Names, Symbols and Devices
A generic source identifier uses the general name something is called, and is not afforded protection under United States trademark law. Aside from the general name something is called, the use of nouns, phonetic equivalents, misspellings, adjectives, abbreviations, and equivalent foreign words are all examples of a generic source identifiers.
A descriptive source identifier conveys an immediate idea of the ingredients, qualities, or characteristics of goods or services and may only provide protection under United States trademark law if the source identifier has acquired secondary meaning. Secondary meaning is the idea that an otherwise descriptive source identifier has acquired the attributes of a trademark in the mind of consumers as a single source for the goods or services.
A suggestive source identifier requires imagination, thought, and perception to reach a conclusion about the ingredients, qualities, or characteristics of goods or services. A suggestive source identifier may be afforded trademark protection and registration with little, if any, proof of secondary meaning.
An arbitrary or fanciful source identifier has no obvious connection between the source identifier and the goods and services sold under the source identifier, and as such are entitled to protection under United States trademark law.
Protection of trade dress requires the product design and/or packaging have acquired secondary meaning to consumers; the features of the product design and/or packaging is non-functional.
The following is a list of some of the source identifiers that may otherwise qualify for United States trademark protection, but are nonetheless not capable of federal registration:
• Immoral or scandalous identifiers;
• Deceptive and deceptively misdescriptive identifiers;
• Primarily geographically descriptive or deceptively misdescriptive identifiers;
• Mere surnames used as identifiers;
• Confusing identifiers;
• An identifier in prior use and unabandoned;
• A functional identifier;
• An identifier consisting of the flags or coat of arms of the United States, any state, or foreign nation; or
• An identifier trademark consisting of the name, portrait, or signature of a living individual without the consent of the individual or if the name, signature, or portrait of a deceased President of the United States, during the life of his widow, except by the written consent of the widow.
Duration of Protection
Once established, trademark rights continue indefinitely as long as the owner of the trademark does not abandon the trademark and the trademark does not become generic. If a trademark is not used for three consecutive years, the trademark is considered abandoned and another person or entity may claim the exclusive right to use the trademark.
The filing of a federal trademark application with the United States Patent and Trademark office for $2,725.00 assumes a filing in one international class based upon actual use in commerce using the TEAS Plus form and evidence of use available at the time of filing. The filing of a federal trademark application with the United States Patent and Trademark office for $3,325.00 assumes a filing in one international class based upon the intent to use the trademark in commerce using the TEAS Plus form and evidence of use filed within six (6) months of Notice of Allowance. Filings not qualifying for TEAS Plus or TEAS Reduced Fee form applications subject to extra filing fees. Trademark searches, responses to office actions, extensions, and renewals at hourly rates plus third party search costs or government filing fees, respectively. More complex trademark applications available by quotation.